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Clueless_Academic

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  1. This 2 bedroom house built from recycled plastic bottles is bulletproof and fireproof and can withstand earthquakes. Oh, and it also reportedly holds a comfy year-round temperature of 64 degrees F. The bottles were filled with sand and are held together by mud and cement to form a solid wall that supposedly is stronger than cinder clocks. A man builds a wall with plastic bottles in the village of Sabon Yelwa. A group of activists have come up with a plan to build a house using bottles, providing what they say is an environmentally smart way to tackle the housing shortage problem in Nigeria. - See more at: My link Nineteen-year old mason, Yahaya Musa, checks a wall of made of sand-filled plastic bottles in the village of Sabon Yelwa. Sitting on 58-square metres, the two-bedroom bungalow looks like an ordinary home. “…the nearly-complete home is bullet and fireproof, earthquake resistant, and maintains a comfortable interior temperature of 64 degrees fahrenheit year round!…” ~Inhabitat The United States uses 129.6 Million plastic bottles per day! That’s 47.3 Billion plastic bottles per year. About 80% of those plastic bottles end up in a landfill! 1500 plastic bottles per second 60 seconds per minute X 60 minutes = 3600 seconds per hour 3600 seconds X 24 hours per day = 86400 seconds per day 1500 plastic bottles per second X 86400 seconds per day = 129,600,000 plastic bottles per day 47.3 Billion plastic bottles per year The article states it took about 14,000 bottles to build this home. The United States throws away enough plastic bottles to build 9257 of these 2 bedroom houses per day! That’s 3.37 MILLION homes per year that could be built using recycled plastic bottles! Just as a side note, there are approximately 3.5 Million homeless people in the United States. Makes you think a little about recycling more now doesn’t it? These homes can be built at a fraction of the cost of traditional houses, and they can be built all over the world. *** - See more at: http://www.naturalblaze.com/2013/12/impenetrable-fireproof-house-made-from.html#sthash.mihzqYJX.dpuf
  2. Also, check out this link on correctly installing soundproofing... My link It talks about the 'Limp Mass Barrier' as an effective method of stopping sound transmission....
  3. Perhaps you could use Boat Building technologies.... If you think about it, power boats use pretty thin insulation to reduce noise levels from diesel engines travelling into sleeping quarters... They use a marine engine soundproofer called 'mass loaded viny Barrierl'.... (MLV) To quote, http://www.quietglue.co.uk/mass-loaded-vinyl/ "Mass Loaded Vinyl (MLV) is a dense rubber-like material commonly used in soundproofing applications. Also known as ‘barrier mat’, MLV is a generic material manufactured by many different companies. Over the course of several decades, various forms of the material have been sold by retailers of soundproofing materials. MLV is essentially a heavy vinyl sheet which has been impregnated with other materials, such as barium and silicates (sand), to increase the mass and therefore the soundproofing qualities. MLV is commonly sold in weights of 5KG and 10KG per SQM. Although originally conceived as an acoustic pipe lagging for industrial settings, rather than soundproofing in buildings, the material has gradually replaced lead sheets. Lead was often specified in soundproofing applications until environmental concerns created demand for a replacement." Here are some tips on costly soundproofing mistakes.... see http://www.acoustic-supplies.com/costly-soundproofing-mistakes Costly Soundproofing Mistakes The following section is taken in the main from an original e-zine article by Craig Williams, founder of an organisation called SoundProofing Secrets.com in America. Because we here at JCW Acoustic Supplies believe the USA is at least 10 years ahead of the UK in terms of an awareness about the need and importance of effective soundproofing, we are delighted to re-print the article here. Mistake 1: Trying to Get Even With Your Noisy Neighbours A lot of noise pollution is caused by noisy neighbours. It's normal to assume that any neighbour who makes an annoying noise must be inconsiderate. In reality most neighbours are actually reasonable people and they might be quite unaware that they are creating a noise problem. So as a first step, try having a friendly conversation with them. Use language like: I need your help with something which you are probably not even aware of. Your dog seems like a great pet and friend but sometimes he barks during the early hours of the morning and it wakes me up. I can't get back to sleep which means I'm very tired during the rest of the day. I know it's normal for dogs to bark - the solution might be as simple as keeping him inside or in another part of the yard at night. Do you mind if we discuss this some more, perhaps you could come over for a coffee and I'll show you where my bedroom is and why it affects me so much. It is important to keep the discussion friendly even though you might feel very annoyed with your neighbour. People with barking dogs are usually aware of the problem and secretly hope that no one will complain. This means that they also expect that one day they will have to do something about the issue. Under no circumstances should you consider retaliating by making your own noise, this will never solve the problem and could result in the police becoming involved. Mistake 2: Buying "Any" Soundproofing Material There are many different types of noise pollution. The type of material and the techniques you need to use to solve your problem will require a good understanding of the exact noise source and problem. The simplest noise variables are how high pitched the sound is (e.g. bird chirping) or how deep it is (e.g. stereo sub-woofer or booming traffic). Other important variables are how loud the noise seems, where it is coming from, the sorts of building material that it is passing through (e.g. windows, walls and floors) and whether the noise is continuous or intermittent. These are not difficult things to determine, but you do need to do a little homework and preparation and you certainly need to know these things before you buy any soundproofing materials. You need to be able to describe your noise problem very clearly, know its source and know what type of solution you are seeking. You also need to know what sorts of solutions you can use e.g. do you lease your apartment or flat and therefore must not make any permanent changes to the structure? Mistake 3: Listening to "Old Wives Tales" Beware that some materials and techniques just do not work despite the endless exposure that they seem to attract. What's more frightening is that using the wrong material or technique could actually make your problem worse, for example some materials will actually appear to make a noise louder or change it to something even more irritating. Aside from the obvious myths around egg boxes and plastic window film which are essentially useless as soundproofing materials, other materials and techniques to be suspicious of include: Old carpet Cardboard Special paints Fibreglass batts e.g. the type used for thermal insulation Rubber e.g. old rubber mattresses and floor mats Any type of mattress secured to a floor or wall Dry cellulose fibre pumped into walls or floors Timber sheets (unless they are uncoupled) Corrugated or pyramid shaped foam like the type used in recording studios - this does not stop noise passing through walls, it simply dampens noise which is already in the room. In short you need a credible, unbiased guide to solving your noise problems. The alternative is trying to sift through the science, logic and truth behind each material and technique and then learning how and where to install the material. Even if you had the time to attempt this self education, it is a very frustrating process and there is no way of knowing whether you really have really reached the right conclusion until after you've completed the job. You could end up spending more time and lots of money on methods and materials which do not properly solve your problem. A simpler solution is to ask JCW Acoustic Supplies for some free advice. Mistake 4: Coping when you are Exhausted & Annoyed Noise pollution can drive you to despair and can literally impact on the health and happiness of you and your family. As a matter of urgency you should consider finding an immediate "compromise solution" to your problem. The most rational, cheapest and fastest compromise is a set of high tech ear plugs. People often think this is a joke – it’s not. These days it is possible to buy very comfortable and very effective high tech ear plugs which are designed to reduce significant noise. You can buy one or more pairs and start catching up on your sleep and thinking time. Once you have reclaimed your sanity you will be in a far better state of mind to embark on manageable longer term solutions to your noise pollution problems. Mistake 5: Replacing "Float" Glass with "Laminated" Glass Laminated glass does give some additional benefit but not as much as you might think. In addition laminated glass is expensive. You would actually achieve a much better effect if you left the existing sheet of glass in your window and secured a second slightly thicker piece of normal (float) glass to your window frame with an air cavity of an inch or two between the two panes. A four inch (100mm) separation between the sheets of glass and some moisture absorbing powder in the cavity gives excellent results and can be done on a budget. This technique is definitely easier than replacing existing window glass with a new laminated pane. Mistake 6: Complaining to Local Authorities about the Noise Most things involving complaints to Local Authorities are time consuming, costly, demoralising and often get you no closer to solving your problem. Anyone who has ever locked horns with any type of bureaucracy will tell you that even when you have a valid complaint the bureaucracy will take forever to do anything. In the meantime you still have to put up with the noise problem and you get more and more stressed and feel more and more like you have lost control over your private world. We’ve heard of people who have been asked by local Council to keep a diary of their noise problem for a whole year! Unfortunately most organisations like local government or even the police do not have the noise measuring equipment or proper understanding of noise and environmental laws to properly enforce them anyway. So instead, put all of your energy into things that you have control over and look for quick wins which will build your confidence and restore your quality of life. The ear plug advice in Mistake No. 5 is a simple example of a quick and inexpensive win over annoying noise pollution. Mistake 7: Taking a "Best Guess" on Installation Techniques Even if you have bought effective soundproofing material, most of the effectiveness of the material will actually come from correct installation. There are two installation considerations: 1) Correctly securing the soundproofing material. A common reason why soundproofing material fails is because it is not properly isolated from the surfaces which are transmitting the problem noise. For example many people purchase floating floors in an attempt to reduce noise transmission between levels. This often fails because the floating floor is not adequately isolated from the original floor. Floating floor manufactures usually provide a cheap thin membrane to put down on the existing floor before installing the floating floor. The manufacturers usually assure you that you are doing the right thing. Sadly it seems few floating floor retailers know very much about soundproofing. What's more it seems that few retailers of any of the products commonly used in soundproofing systems really have a good understanding of soundproofing science and the hidden traps. For complete reassurance, talk to us here at JCW Acoustic Supplies 2) Correctly placing the soundproofing material. Even if the soundproofing material is correctly installed and secured, unless it is installed in the right place it might not solve the noise problem. For example a product called mass loaded vinyl (MLV) is a very effective soundproofing material. If MLV were used to reduce sound transmission between two levels of a dwelling, it would work very well if secured to the ceiling of the lower dwelling i.e. under the noisy floor but it would have poorer performance if installed on top of the noisy floor. A great help to domestic soundproofing is reliable do-it-yourself information which is clearly laid out with simply diagrams and unbiased materials reviews. To guide the correct installation of our products, detailed Installation Guides are available to download fro our website. Mistake 8: Not Following the Right Soundproofing Technique Again this mistake relates to having reliable unbiased do-it-yourself information which is clearly laid out and which you can carefully follow. Remember a properly placed piece of soundproofing can fail if you lose your way during the installation process. There is a lot of data to suggest that a small break in any soundproofing "system" can results in profound reduction in its performance. This is not something you have to worry about if you are patient person and you are prepared to be careful and follow a good set of instructions. Again, more reason enough to ensure that your mind is in the right place, that you are calm and are not rushing desperately and erratically to get rid of the noise pollution. See Mistake 5. Again, for total reassurance and best advice, talk to JCW Acoustic Supplies Mistake 9: Thinking Gaps are bad so Cavities must be Too. Many people believe that the secret to solving noise problems is filling or packing spaces. It's true that the first step in any soundproofing plan is making things airtight but this is very different to filling spaces in walls, floors or windows. The truth is air in an airtight cavity can be an excellent soundproofing "material" in certain circumstances. To make the most of air cavities their size and number need to be carefully considered. So as with all the points raised above, be careful not to rush into pumping, pouring or packing any cavities until you are very clear what it is you are trying to achieve - but definitely aim to make all walls, doors, windows and floors airtight. Hope of some help....
  4. Has anyone seen this new book by Richard Heinberg which suggests that we may not recover from present 'slump' ?? The End of Growth by Richard Heinberg "While experts assure us that the economy is slowly emerging from recession, a growing camp of well-informed dissenters thinks not. The scant evidence of recovery, insists this group, is not an anomaly but the sign of a profound sea change. The End of Growth, one book unequivocally calls it, next to a cover image of a burst balloon and a pin. The book’s author, Richard Heinberg, makes his case by far the most eloquently and comprehensively—and though it may be a decidedly unwelcome one for those now struggling, that doesn't detract from its validity." A very interesting Video Presentation by Heinberg which introduces the topics of his book & shows (Hpc Members) the 'Bigger Picture' as to why economic growth is due to tail off : Some very interesting ideas presented.......................
  5. As both Greece & Italy are within the Eurozone, and hence unable to devalue National Currencies in order to make their exports cheaper Internationally, then they will need to introduce "Internal Devaluations" to make their economies more "Competitive" on the Global stage. see youtube link : http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=088TtLfWpfA Such "Internal Devaluations" should lead to lower labour costs, lower input costs, etc. Unfortunately, standards of living will fall for majority of population due to lower disposable incomes, rising taxes, falling Government expenditure on schools, hospitals, pensions, etc. As to the European Central Bank (ECB) becoming "Lender of Last Resort", I don't think the Germans will go for this as they have the Northern European "Mindset" of Fiscal Discipline and want countries such as Greece to introduce long lasting Structural Reforms as opposed to the "quick fix" of unlimited cash injections. However the downside is that such structural reforms will increase social tensions......... and result in years of falling GDP.......... years of falling per capita income.
  6. I'm sure Posters can do their Own Research on the Chinese Biscuit Industry - But here are a few Pointers: Perhaps likes of 'United Biscuits' (makers of Jaffa Cakes, Digestives, and the like...) have good reason to sell out to Chinese because of their advanced manufacturing techniques....??
  7. Looks as if some in German Military believe in PEAK OIL happening now !!! see this link : My link German Military Braces for Scarcity After ‘Peak Oil’ By JOHN COLLINS RUDOLF A study by a German military think tank leaked to the Internet warns of the potential for a dire global economic crisis in as little as 15 years as a result of a peak and an irreversible decline in world oil supplies. Associated PressThe study was produced by the Future Analysis department of the Bundeswehr Transformation Center, a branch of the German military. It was leaked in August, and its authenticity was confirmed last week by the German newspaper Der Spiegel. The study states that there is “some probability that peak oil will occur around the year 2010 and that the impact on security is expected to be felt 15 to 30 years later.” The concept of “peak oil” is a controversial one, as it signifies the point at which global oil production reaches its maximum level and then enters a permanent decline. As oil is a finite resource, most energy experts consider the eventual peak and decline of world oil production to be an inevitable reality. But the timing of this zenith — whether in the near term, or some distant future — is a subject of fierce debate. Many prominent national and intergovernmental energy agencies, including the International Energy Agency, maintain that oil reserves are sufficient to meet demand until at least 2030. The German military study, which was analyzed and partly translated into English by Der Spiegel, declares that once peak oil begins in earnest, economies around the globe — including Germany’s — will probably struggle with price shocks as a result of higher transportation costs, and “shortages of vital goods could arise.” “In the medium term the global economic system and every market-oriented national economy would collapse,” the study continues. The lead author of the study, Lt. Col. Thomas Will, declined to comment to Der Speigel, as did the German Defense Ministry. According to Der Speigel, the report was in draft form and not intended for release to the public and had yet to be vetted by the German military leadership and other government agencies. The German military is not alone in its concern over the implications of peak oil. According to an Aug. 22 report by Britain’s Guardian newspaper, British government ministries have been privately canvassing opinions from the energy industry and scientists on peak oil, while publicly dismissing fears of an imminent oil shortage as alarmist. Fueling suspicion, the British government has rebuffed news media requests to turn over policy documents related to peak oil.
  8. According to SANTANDER PLC website: "Important information about compensation arrangements We are covered by the Financial Services Compensation Scheme (FSCS). The FSCS can pay compensation to depositors if a bank is unable to meet its financial obligations. Most depositors - including most individuals and small businesses - are covered by the scheme. In respect of deposits, an eligible depositor is entitled to claim up to £50,000. For joint accounts each account holder is treated as having a claim in respect of their share so, for a joint account held by two eligible depositors, the maximum amount that could be claimed would be £50,000 each (making a total of £100,000). The £50,000 limit relates to the combined amount in all the eligible depositor’s accounts with the bank. For further information about the scheme (including the amounts covered and eligibility to claim) please ask at your local branch, refer to the FSCS website www.FSCS.org.uk or call the FSCS helpline on 020 7892 7300 or 0800 678 1100 Santander UK plc and cahoot Santander UK plc is an authorised deposit taker and accepts deposits under the Santander and cahoot trading names. In the unlikely event of a claim, the maximum compensation levels above would apply to the combined total of all deposits held with Santander UK plc (including cahoot)" see link My link
  9. Here is an interesting piece in the Telegraph. Quote: "They want Herman Van Rompuy to be able to address the General Assembly as a head of state, and to create a seat for Baroness Ashton, the EU’s foreign minister." Also; "The European Constitution Lisbon Treaty, which came into effect on 1 December 2009, gave the EU “legal personality”: that is, the right to sign treaties; it also created a diplomatic corps to negotiate those treaties and regulate the EU’s relations with third countries." Where does that leave us in the UK ?? Any suggestions as to future scenario's, especially Euro membership for UK + of course house prices !!! + + http://blogs.telegraph.co.uk/news/danielhannan/100053681/the-eu-wants-to-be-treated-as-a-state-by-the-united-nations/ The EU demands recognition as a state by the United Nations What constitutes a state? The definition comes in Article One of the 1933 Montevideo Convention on the Rights and Duties of States: The state as a person of international law should possess the following qualifications: (a) a permanent population; ( a defined territory; © government; and (d) capacity to enter into relations with the other states. The EU has qualified for decades on (a), ( and ©. Now it has ticked the final box. The European Constitution Lisbon Treaty, which came into effect on 1 December 2009, gave the EU “legal personality”: that is, the right to sign treaties; it also created a diplomatic corps to negotiate those treaties and regulate the EU’s relations with third countries: the European External Action Service. Now, Eurocrats want formal recognition from the United Nations. They want Herman Van Rompuy to be able to address the General Assembly as a head of state, and to create a seat for Baroness Ashton, the EU’s foreign minister (hat-tip, EU Observer). Not everyone is happy with the plan. Many developing countries complain that it would be wrong to accord the EU privileges that are not enjoyed by other regional associations. Indeed, opponents of the scheme commanded a majority when the issue came to a vote. But the EU is continuing to press its claim and – given that it is the original patron and sponsor of most of the other regional blocs – it will surely be only a matter of time before it gets its way. I shouldn’t be surprised if, as part of the negotiations, Eurocrats offer to exchange the British and French seats on the Security Council for a consolidated EU seat, as long demanded by the two main blocs in the European Parliament, the socialists and the EPP. And British politicians still talk about Europe “coming our way”.
  10. Here's a nice explanation & pictorial storyboard illustration of "How Hyperinflation Will Happen In America". It is only one possible outcome....... but a possibility nonetheless! see : My link and : My link How Hyperinflation Will Happen In America A slight but sudden rise in the price of a necessary commodity... Right now, we are in the middle of deflation. The Global Depression we are experiencing has squeezed both aggregate demand levels and aggregate asset prices as never before. Since the credit crunch of September 2008, the U.S. and world economies have been slowly circling the deflationary drain. To counter this, the U.S. government has been running massive deficits, as it seeks to prop up aggregate demand levels by way of fiscal “stimulus” spending—the classic Keynesian move, the same old prescription since donkey’s ears. But the stimulus, apart from being slow and inefficient, has simply not been enough to offset the fall in consumer spending. For its part, the Federal Reserve has been busy propping up all assets—including Treasuries—by way of “quantitative easing”. The Fed is terrified of the U.S. economy falling into a deflationary death-spiral: Lack of liquidity, leading to lower prices, leading to unemployment, leading to lower consumption, leading to still lower prices, the entire economy grinding down to a halt. So the Fed has bought up assets of all kinds, in order to inject liquidity into the system, and buoy asset price levels so as to prevent this deflationary deep-freeze—and will continue to do so. After all, when your only tool is a hammer, every problem looks like a nail. But this Fed policy—call it “money-printing”, call it “liquidity injections”, call it “asset price stabilization”—has been overwhelmed by the credit contraction. Just as the Federal government has been unable to fill in the fall in aggregate demand by way of stimulus, the Fed has expanded its balance sheet from some $900 billion in the Fall of ’08, to about $2.3 trillion today—but that additional $1.4 trillion has been no match for the loss of credit. At best, the Fed has been able to alleviate the worst effects of the deflation—it certainly has not turned the deflationary environment into anything resembling inflation. Yields are low, unemployment up, CPI numbers are down (and under some metrics, negative)—in short, everything screams “deflation”. Therefore, the notion of talking about hyperinflation now, in this current macro-economic environment, would seem . . . well . . . crazy. Right? Wrong: I would argue that the next step down in this world-historical Global Depression which we are experiencing will be hyperinflation. Most people dismiss the very notion of hyperinflation occurring in the United States as something only tin-foil hatters, gold-bugs, and Right-wing survivalists drool about. In fact, most sensible people don’t even bother arguing the issue at all—everyone knows that only fools bother arguing with a bigger fool. A minority, though—and God bless ’em—actually do go ahead and go through the motions of talking to the crazies ranting about hyperinflation. These amiable souls diligently point out that in a deflationary environment—where commodity prices are more or less stable, there are downward pressures on wages, asset prices are falling, and credit markets are shrinking—inflation is impossible. Therefore, hyperinflation is even more impossible. This outlook seems sensible—if we fall for the trap of thinking that hyperinflation is an extension of inflation. If we think that hyperinflation is simply inflation on steroids—inflation-plus—inflation with balls—then it would seem to be the case that, in our current deflationary economic environment, hyperinflation is not simply a long way off, but flat-out ridiculous. But hyperinflation is not an extension or amplification of inflation. Inflation and hyperinflation are two very distinct animals. They look the same—because in both cases, the currency loses its purchasing power—but they are not the same. Inflation is when the economy overheats: It’s when an economy’s consumables (labor and commodities) are so in-demand because of economic growth, coupled with an expansionist credit environment, that the consumables rise in price. This forces all goods and services to rise in price as well, so that producers can keep up with costs. It is essentially a demand-driven phenomena. Hyperinflation is the loss of faith in the currency. Prices rise in a hyperinflationary environment just like in an inflationary environment, but they rise not because people want more money for their labor or for commodities, but because people are trying to get out of the currency. It’s not that they want more money—they want less of the currency: So they will pay anything for a good which is not the currency. Right now, the U.S. government is indebted to about 100% of GDP, with a yearly fiscal deficit of about 10% of GDP, and no end in sight. For its part, the Federal Reserve is purchasing Treasuries, in order to finance the fiscal shortfall, both directly (the recently unveiled QE-lite) and indirectly (through the Too Big To Fail banks). The Fed is satisfying two objectives: One, supporting the government in its efforts to maintain aggregate demand levels, and two, supporting asset prices, and thereby prevent further deflationary erosion. The Fed is calculating that either path—increase in aggregate demand levels or increase in aggregate asset values—leads to the same thing: A recovery in the economy. This recovery is not going to happen—that’s the news we’ve been getting as of late. Amid all this hopeful talk about “avoiding a double-dip”, it turns out that we didn’t avoid a double-dip—we never really managed to claw our way out of the first dip. No matter all the stimulus, no matter all the alphabet-soup liquidity windows over the past 2 years, the inescapable fact is that the economy has been—and is headed—down. But both the Federal government and the Federal Reserve are hell-bent on using the same old tired tools to “fix the economy”—stimulus on the one hand, liquidity injections on the other. (See my discussion of The Deficit here.) It’s those very fixes that are pulling us closer to the edge. Why? Because the economy is in no better shape than it was in September 2008—and both the Federal Reserve and the Federal government have shot their wad. They got nothin’ left, after trillions in stimulus and trillions more in balance sheet expansion— —but they have accomplished one thing: They have undermined Treasuries. These policies have turned Treasuries into the spit-and-baling wire of the U.S. financial system—they are literally the only things holding the whole economy together. In other words, Treasuries are now the New and Improved Toxic Asset. Everyone knows that they are overvalued, everyone knows their yields are absurd—yet everyone tiptoes around that truth as delicately as if it were a bomb. Which is actually what it is. Click here to see How it Happens.....My link
  11. According to the "Mirror", (see My link)the benefits paid to the family are broken down as follows: THE BILL Income support: £439 Housing benefit: £87 Carer's allowance: £53 Disability living allowance: £119 Child benefit: £99 Council tax benefit: £18 TOTAL PER WEEK: £815
  12. Thanks for calculations ! If you accept those final figures where does that leave main trading blocs of EU / USA / Asia Pacific ?? Will the likes of India & China sit back & allow Developed nations to hold them to ransom by restricting essential energy supplies needed for their industrial development ? Methinks that US Foreign Policy has been directed toward securing Strategic Oil Supplies. The US has alliances with Top 3 Countries with oil reserves; Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and Kuwait which account for 46.1% of total Global reserves !
  13. An interesting article published by the US based "Council of Foreign Relations" (CFR), so it's not lightweight stuff !! Please see below link for diagrams & full text; If China continues to consume oil at present rates it's set to increase oil consumption from present levels of 10% to over 70% of Global Production within the next decade !! For your info., the USA only consumes 22% of Global Production today !!!! Thus unless either China curtails its Growth or alternatives to hydrocarbons evolve within the next decade it's likely the we will face resource scarcity by 2020 in all areas, as oil is used to drive the Global Economy, International Trade, Food Production, etc., etc. !!! Methinks its time to become more eco-friendly in all sectors & gradually switch to non-hydrocarbon based energy sources before 2015 !! A great focus in the 21st century must be local production to save on distribution costs - thus perhaps Chinese / Indian (developing Countries) imports will, over time, become prohibitively expensive for us due to increased shipping costs ?? Indeed the Developed Economies of USA / Europe / Japan could introduce 'ECO' Taxes on imports from countries such as China & India based on levels of CO2 per 'unit' these countries emit in comparrison to 'Developed' & 'Greener' economies like Germany. The rational for such taxes would be that developing economies enjoy unfair advantages in manufacturing by employing 'outdated' production methods & 'labour intensive' methods which produce more CO2 per unit than say an equivalent German supplier. Thus, Developing Economies have an unfair advantage at the expense of the Global Environment (and USA/EU/Japan Economies !!). Indeed there is a double wammy as many developing economies (such as China) artificially devalue their currencies to make their exports cheaper for us !! Hence, an ECO Tax (ON PRODUCTION) would benefit the Developed World Economies and ensure smooth progress to alternative energy sources - Such a 'TAX' could be levied on goods imported from developing Economies such as India & China and paid directly on importation into EU / US / Japan by Buyers. Thus, over time, Buyers would source more 'Green' suppliers as there would be no advantage to them in shipping goods half way across the Globe if import price equals local / EU source production. Within a very short space of Time The EU would eliminate Soverign Debt as it would regain its Position as NO.1. Manufacturing Centre of the World, low unemployment, etc., etc.,. I dare say US would follow in similar economic fashion due to fact they also have large internal market & extensive Technological / Education Base which developing economies now lack. Sorry, if looks 'Cut Throat' but if resoiurces are not there what can Politicians do......................!!!!!! We need a 'LIFEBOAT' Strategy to preserve the UK / EU / US / as well as Developing Economies...................... as resources are FINITE....... FINITE based on todays Technologies.............. But perhaps innovation can save day ?? see link below: My link China Will Force the World Off Oil As a country’s per capita income increases, its per capita oil consumption increases. Consumption growth tends to be modest up until $15,000 income per head, but then accelerates rapidly. China is quickly approaching this point. South Korea, which consumes 3% of world oil output, is too small to disrupt oil markets. China is too big not to disrupt them. Were China’s per capita oil consumption to be brought up to South Korea’s, its share of global consumption would increase from today’s 10% to over 70%. In order to cap China’s share at 22%, which is the U.S. share today, global oil output would have to increase by a massive 13% per annum over ten years – well beyond the 1% growth averaged since 1975. This rate of growth is inconceivable, even if vastly more expensive sources of supply, such as the Canadian oil sands, were developed at breakneck speed. If China’s recent economic growth pace continues, it will surpass South Korea’s current per capita GDP shortly after 2020 – meaning that the world may be forced onto alternative energy sources much sooner than it realizes.
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